Im Schatten des Weltkriegs: Massengewalt der Ustaša gegen Serben, Juden und Roma in Kroatien 1941-1945

By Alexander Korb

Im Schatten des Weltkriegs : Massengewalt der Ustasa gegen Serben, Juden und Roma in Kroatien 1941-1945
Korb, Alexander
Im Schatten des Zweiten Weltkriegs versuchte die kroatische Ustasa-Bewegung, gewaltsam einen ethnisch homogenen Nationalstaat zu schaffen. Die Zerschlagung Jugoslawiens durch die Wehrmacht versetzte die Ustasa in die Lage, ein Terrorregime zu etablieren, das sich vornehmlich gegen Serben, Juden und Roma richtete. Damit entfesselte die Ustasa einen Bürgerkrieg, dem etwa 500 000 Menschen zum Opfer fielen.
Korb fragt nach den Motiven, Interessen und Handlungsspielräumen der Ustasa, nach dem Verlauf des Gewalteinsatzes und nach dem Zusammenspiel von Bürgerkriegsdynamiken und Brutalisierung. Dabei beschreibt er eine komplexe Spirale der Gewalt, an der kroatische, serbische, deutsche und italienische Akteure beteiligt waren. Seine Studie erschließt auf eindrückliche Weise die Vielschichtigkeit des Geschehens und gibt damit der Holocaust- wie Gewaltforschung eintscheidende neue Anstöße.


I. Gewaltraum und Gewaltakteure: Kroatien, die Ustasa und die Besatzungsmächte
Nationsbildung in Jugoslawien

Der Aufbau des Ustasa-Staates

Die Rolle der Besatzungsmächte

Ideologie und politisches Programm der Ustasa

Frühe Verfolgungspraxis und Gewaltpolitik

II. Ordnende Gewalt: Vertreibungen


Die employer der Vertreibung

Ethno- und bevölkerungspolitische Verschränkungen

Enteignungspolitik: Erscheinungen und Folgen

Deutsche und italienische Reaktionen auf Flucht und Vertreibung

III. Entgrenzte Gewalt: Die Massaker der Ustasa und ihre Folgen

1941: Eskalation der Gewalt

Ausdrucksformen der Gewalt

Folgen der Massaker

1942: Das Wiederaufflammen der Milizgewalt

Entgrenzung und Einhegung der Gewalt

IV. Konzentrierte Gewalt: Die Lager der Ustasa

Die Tötungsstätten der Ustasa in Westkroatien, Sommer 1941

Das Konzentrationslager Jasenovac

Massentötungen in Jasenovac und Auschwitz, 1942

Deutsche Reaktionen auf die Gewalt im Lager Jasenovac

V. Die letzten Kriegsjahre und das Ende der Gewalt





Quellen- und Literaturverzeichnis


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The Liri Valley: Canada's World War II Breakthrough to Rome

By Mark Zuehlke

The moment instalment in army historian Mark Zuehlke’s compelling global struggle II stories of Canadians overcoming insurmountable odds in Italy.

For the allied armies combating their manner up the Italian boot in early 1944, Rome was once the prize which may in basic terms be received via one of many maximum offensives of the conflict. Following upon his ebook in regards to the conflict of Ortona, Mark Zuehlke returns to the Mediterranean theatre of global battle II with this gripping tribute to the valiant Canadians who opened the way in which for the Allies to take Rome.

The Liri Valley is testomony to the bravery of those Canadians, just like the badly wounded Captain Pierre Potvin, who survived greater than thirty hours by myself within the hell of no man’s land. This e-book, just like the conflict it documents, will reside lengthy in readers’ memories.

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A Curious Madness: An American Combat Psychiatrist, A Japanese War Crimes Suspect, and an Unsolved Mystery from World War II

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From an “illuminating and entertaining” (The manhattan instances) historian comes the area conflict II tale of 2 males whose notable lives improbably converged on the Tokyo battle crimes trials of 1946.

In the wake of global warfare II, the Allied forces charged twenty-eight eastern males with crimes opposed to humanity. Correspondents on the Tokyo trial notion the facts fell so much seriously on ten of the accused. In December 1948, 5 of those defendants have been hanged whereas 4 acquired sentences of lifestyles in legal. The 10th used to be an excellent philosopher-patriot named Okawa Shumei. His tale proved strangest of all.

Among all of the political and army leaders on trial, Okawa was once the lone civilian. within the years best as much as global battle II, he had defined a divine undertaking for Japan to steer Asia opposed to the West, prophesized a good conflict with the USA, deliberate coups d’etat with army rebels, and financed the assassination of Japan’s major minister. past “all vestiges of doubt,” concluded a categorised American intelligence document, “Okawa moved within the most sensible circles of nationalist intrigue.”

Okawa’s guilt as a conspirator seemed hassle-free. yet at the first day of the Tokyo trial, he made headlines world wide by means of slapping big name defendant and wartime major minister Tojo Hideki at the head. Had Okawa misplaced his sanity? Or was once he faking insanity to prevent a grim punishment? A U.S. military psychiatrist stationed in occupied Japan, significant Daniel Jaffe—the author’s grandfather—was assigned to figure out Okawa’s skill to face trial, and therefore his fate.

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SOON TO BE an important movement PICTURE

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The final Battle tells the approximately incredible tale of the unlikeliest conflict of the conflict, whilst a small staff of yank tankers, led by way of Captain Lee, joined forces with German infantrymen to struggle off fanatical SS troops looking to seize citadel Itter and execute the stronghold's VIP prisoners. it's a story of not likely allies, startling bravery, jittery suspense, and determined wrestle among implacable enemies.

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Tamelander and Zetterling’s paintings rests on tales from survivors and the newest historic discoveries. The e-book starts off with an intensive account of maritime advancements from 1871 as much as the period of the enormous battleship, and ends with a brilliant account, hour by way of hour, of the dramatic and fateful hunt for the amazing Bismarck, Nazi-Germany’s final desire to pose a strong floor danger to Allied convoys.

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USA Today bestselling writer.

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