Resilience and the Cultural Landscape: Understanding and Managing Change in Human-Shaped Environments

By Dr Tobias Plieninger

World wide, efforts are being made to maintain landscapes dealing with basic switch by reason of frequent agricultural intensification, land abandonment and urbanization. The 'cultural panorama' and 'resilience' methods have, beforehand, mostly been seen as targeted equipment for figuring out the results of those dynamics and the ways that they may be tailored or controlled. This ebook brings jointly those views, offering new insights into the social-ecological resilience of cultural landscapes by means of coming to phrases with, and not easy, the techniques of 'driving forces', 'thresholds', 'adaptive cycles' and 'adaptive management'. via linking those learn groups, this booklet develops a brand new viewpoint on panorama adjustments. in line with enterprise conceptual contributions and wealthy case stories from Europe, the Americas and Australia, it is going to attract a person attracted to studying and dealing with swap in human-shaped environments within the context of sustainability.

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Urban Bird Ecology and Conservation (Studies in Avian Biology, Volume 45)

Now that greater than 1/2 the world’s inhabitants lives in towns, the examine of birds in city ecosystems has emerged on the vanguard of ornithological learn. a world workforce of top researchers in city fowl ecology and conservation from throughout Europe and North the US offers the country of this assorted box, addressing vintage questions whereas featuring new instructions for additional research. parts of specific concentration contain the techniques underlying styles of species shifts alongside urban-rural gradients, the demography of city birds and the position of citizen technological know-how, and human-avian interplay in city parts. this crucial reference fills a vital want for scientists, planners, and executives of city areas and all these drawn to the examine and conservation of birds within the world’s increasing metropolises.

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Beyond the War on Invasive Species: A Permaculture Approach to Ecosystem Restoration

By Tao Orion

Invasive species are in every single place, from forests and prairies to mountaintops and river mouths. Their rampant nature and sheer numbers seem to overtake fragile local species and without end swap the ecosystems that they depend upon. matters that invasive species signify major threats to international biodiversity and ecological integrity permeate conversations from schoolrooms to board rooms, and anxious voters grapple with tips on how to quickly and successfully deal with their populations. those concerns have culminated in an ongoing “war on invasive species,” the place the arsenal is stocked with bulldozers, chainsaws, and herbicides placed to the duty in their rapid eradication. In Hawaii, mangrove timber (Avicennia spp.) are sprayed with glyphosate and left to decompose at the sandy seashores the place they develop, and in Washington, helicopters practice the herbicide Imazapyr to tender cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) turning out to be in estuaries. The “war on invasive species” is in complete swing, yet given the scope of such almost certainly risky and ecologically degrading eradication practices, it will be important to query the very nature of the battle. 

Beyond the battle on Invasive Species deals a much-needed substitute standpoint on invasive species and the simplest practices for his or her administration in line with a holistic, permaculture-inspired framework. using the most recent learn and considering at the altering nature of ecological platforms, Beyond the battle on Invasive Species heavily examines the standards which are mostly lacking from the typical conceptions of invasive species, together with how the colliding results of weather swap, habitat destruction, and alterations in land use and administration give a contribution to their proliferation. Beyond the conflict on Invasive Species demonstrates that there's extra to the tale of invasive species than is usually conceived, and gives methods of knowing their presence and surroundings results with the intention to make extra ecologically liable offerings in land recovery and biodiversity conservation that tackle the basis of the invasion phenomenon. the alternatives we make on an everyday basis―the methods we procure foodstuff, protect, water, drugs, and transportation―are the most important drivers of up to date alterations in environment constitution and serve as; hence, deep and long-lasting ecological recovery results will come not only from putting off invasive species, yet via conscientious redecorate of those creation systems.

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Place, Ecology and the Sacred: The Moral Geography of Sustainable Communities

People are born in a single position. typically people stream round greater than different animals, yet in modernity the worldwide mobility of folks and the standards of construction more and more disrupts the feel of position that's an intrinsic a part of the human adventure of being in the world. business improvement and fossil fuelled mobility negatively effect the experience of position and support to foster a tradition of placelessness the place structures, fields and homes more and more reveal a boring aesthetic. whilst ecological habitats, and various groups of species are degraded. Romantic resistance to the economic evisceration of position and ecological range concerned the surroundings apart of scenic or chic landscapes as barren region components or parks. but the implication of this undertaking is that human residing and ecological sustainability are intrinsically at odds.

In this choice of essays Michael Northcott argues that the feel of the sacred which emanates from neighborhood groups of religion sustained a 'parochial ecology' which, over the centuries, formed groups that have been extra socially simply and ecologically sustainable than the types of alternate relationships and payment styles fostered through an international and place-blind economic climate. for this reason Christian groups in medieval Europe fostered the dispensed use and intergenerational care of universal assets, resembling alpine meadows, forests or river catchments. yet modern political economists overlook the position of boundaried locations, and spatial limits, within the welfare of human and ecological groups. Northcott argues that place-based types of neighborhood, living and alternate – resembling an area foodstuff economic system – extra heavily resemble advanced commons governance preparations, and facilitate the revival of a feeling of neighbourhood, and of reconnection among folks and the ecological areas within which they dwell.

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Edible Forest Gardens - Volume 2: Ecological Design and Practice For Temperate Climate Permaculture

By Dave Jacke, Eric Toensmeier

Suitable for eating wooded area Gardens is a groundbreaking two-volume paintings that spells out and explores the major suggestions of wooded area ecology and applies them to the desires of common gardeners in temperate climates. quantity I lays out the imaginative and prescient of the wooded area backyard and explains the fundamental ecological rules that make it paintings. In quantity II, Dave Jacke and Eric Toensmeier stream directly to useful concerns: concrete how one can layout, identify, and hold your personal woodland backyard. alongside the best way they current case stories and examples, in addition to tables, illustrations, and a uniquely useful "plant matrix" that lists countless numbers of the easiest fit to be eaten and helpful species.
Taken jointly, the 2 volumes of safe to eat wooded area Gardens supply a sophisticated path in ecological gardening--one that might eternally switch how you examine crops and your setting.

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Tropical Fire Ecology: Climate Change, Land Use and Ecosystem Dynamics (Springer Praxis Books)

Fire Ecology of Tropical Ecosystems supplies an intensive rationalization of ancient and present fireplace events within the tropics, describing the hearth ecology of tropical ecosystems from around the world. Eighteen teams of major researchers clarify the various varied facets and roles of fireside in tropical ecosystems. nearby chapters tackle a suite of universal matters together with the reasons of fireplace, normal hearth habit, and components of the fireplace regime. moreover, they examine the affects of human land use, panorama fragmentation and weather swap at the hearth atmosphere and the demanding situations of fireside administration in those ecosystems. the typical set of subject matters presents consistency one of the chapters and allows complete knowing of fire’s position in tropical ecology. This cohesive e-book covers special elements of fireside in each one surroundings and incorporates a dialogue of universal parts to allow comparisons and syntheses of fireplace results in disparate tropical ecosystems. present medical literature is just too fragmented: it hampers the knowledge of tropical fireplace ecology and degrades all worldwide experiences of land disguise swap and worldwide carbon emissions. fireplace

Ecology of Tropical Ecosystems fills a wide void in our present realizing of ways hearth impacts terrestrial biota.

The booklet opens with a normal clarification of fireplace within the tropics, giving the examples of Oazaca, Mexico in 1998 and Roraima, Brazil in 1997-1998. It follows with the options and ideas of wildland fireplace, together with warmth move, hearth habit, fuels, climate and climate.

Chapters 3-19 conceal the results of fireside in Asia, Africa, Australia, significant and South the US, Pacifica and Pantropical, addressing the reasons, fireplace habit, severity, fireplace and land use, fireplace and landscapes (fragmentation and connectivity), hearth, weather and weather switch, fireplace regimes (why frequency matters), concerns for fireplace administration and local problems with particular significance or curiosity. an summary on the finish of the publication considers the worldwide fireplace regime stipulations, threats, and possibilities for fireplace administration within the tropics.

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Silent Spring

Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring was once first released in 3 serialized excerpts within the New Yorker in June of 1962. The e-book seemed in September of that 12 months and the outcry that its ebook compelled the banning of DDT and spurred progressive adjustments within the legislation affecting our air, land, and water. Carson’s passionate drawback for the way forward for our planet reverberated powerfully through the global, and her eloquent booklet used to be instrumental in launching the environmental flow. it truly is with out query one of many landmark books of the 20th century.  

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The Tragedy of the Commodity: Oceans, Fisheries, and Aquaculture (Nature, Society, and Culture)

By Stefano B. Longo, Rebecca Clausen, Brett Clark

Although people have lengthy trusted oceans and aquatic ecosystems for sustenance and alternate, just recently has human impact on those assets dramatically elevated, remodeling and undermining oceanic environments during the international. Marine ecosystems are in a concern that's worldwide in scope, fast in velocity, and great in scale. In The Tragedy of the Commodity, sociologists Stefano B. Longo, Rebecca Clausen, and Brett Clark discover the function human impact performs during this situation, highlighting the social and financial forces which are on the center of this looming ecological problem.
 
In a critique of the vintage conception “the tragedy of the commons” by way of ecologist Garrett Hardin, the authors movement past simplistic explanations—such as unrestrained self-interest or inhabitants growth—to argue that it's the commodification of aquatic assets that ends up in the depletion of fisheries and the improvement of environmentally suspect technique of aquaculture. to demonstrate this argument, the booklet gains attention-grabbing case studies—the thousand-year historical past of the bluefin tuna fishery within the Mediterranean and the big Pacific salmon fishery. Longo, Clausen, and Clark describe how new fishing applied sciences, modifications in ships and garage capacities, and the growth of seafood markets mixed to change significantly and completely those an important ecosystems. In doing so, the authors underscore how the actual association of social creation contributes to ecological degradation and a rise within the pressures put upon the sea. The authors spotlight the old, political, financial, and cultural forces that form how we have interaction with the bigger biophysical world.
 
A path-breaking research of overfishing, The Tragedy of the Commodity yields perception into matters corresponding to deforestation, biodiversity loss, toxins, and weather change.
 

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Reconstructing Nature: Alienation, Emancipation and the Division of Labour (International Library of Sociology)

By Peter Dickens

One of many major beneficial properties of the modern environmental problem is that not anyone has a transparent notion of what's occurring. the writer makes use of an extension of Marx's idea of alienation to give an explanation for why humans locate it so tricky to narrate their various knowledges of the usual and social world.
He argues that however it is feasible to narrate those to the abstractions of ecological discourse. Emancipation can come in basic terms via embracing technology and rationality instead of rejecting them and, within the approach, humanity in addition to the non-human international will gain.

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Among the Islands: Adventures in the Pacific

By Tim Flannery

Tim Flannery is among the world’s so much influential scientists, credited with studying extra species than Darwin. In one of the Islands Flannery recounts a chain of expeditions he made on the sunrise of his occupation to the unusual tropical islands of the South Pacific, a superb arc stretching approximately 4,000 miles from the postcard perfection of Polynesia to a couple of the biggest, optimum, historical, and such a lot rugged islands on earth.

Flannery used to be touring looking for infrequent and undiscovered mammal species, yet he came upon even more: wild, bizarre areas the place neighborhood taboos, foul climate, dense jungle, and sheer remoteness made for tough and dramatic exploration. Among the Islands is stuffed with attention-grabbing creatures—monkey confronted bats, large rats, gazelle-faced black wallabies, and more—and the journey of discovery. this can be an concept learn for a person who has ever imagined voyaging to the ends of the earth to discover and research the infrequent and the wonderful.

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